Myopia (short-sightedness) is the most frequent refractive error in Singapore children. It affects 30% of 5-year old children and up to 80% of 18-year olds in Singapore. Singapore has one of the highest incidence rates of myopia in the world.
0.01% Atropine is available in our clinic.
Hereditary And Environmental Factors Play a Role in Myopia.
Myopia affects Asians, in particular the Chinese race, more than Caucasians. It is usually begins in primary school and during teenage years. Myopia worsens as the body grows and is usually caused by an eyeball that is too long.
A person with myopia can see near objects better than distant ones and spectacles are used to correct this. New spectacles may be needed as often as every six months in children. Stability of the power of the eye usually occurs at the onset of adulthood.
The main environmental factor in myopia progression is “near work”. This will include reading, computer usage and television watching.
To Reduce Myopia Progression
It is important to:
Restrict time spent on near work e.g. Reading, computers and television to 30-45 minutes. Take frequent breaks by looking out the window into the far distance.
Encourage outdoor activities. Cycling, fishing, tennis and running train the eye to relax and focus for distance.
Eye drop treatment to retard progression. 0.01% Atropine is now available in our clinic.
Consult our eye specialist.
Complications associated with high myopia occur later on in life after the age of 40 including:
– a tear in the retina
– detachment of the retina from the back of the eye
– bleeding into the retina (macular degeneration).
Anyone who experiences symptoms of seeing spots, shadows, flashes of light, or blurred vision should see an eye specialist immediately.
Myopia is best treated with spectacles or contact lenses.